Suppose, you are eating your meal with your child, all are laughing and making fun but suddenly, your child stops talking and even breathing. Yeah, she can’t even talk, cough or breath. Just making a gagging sound. Isn’t it awful? What will you do when this happens? How will you treat this choking child?

In this article, we will help you to know the process of handling your choking child and what actually causes this awful condition. Let’s get started!

A choking child should be treated at the right time to prevent a further problem; Image source: blog.asha.org

What is choking?

Your baby has a small respiratory tract compared to that of yours and he is not properly skilled to swallow solid foods at his early ages. If one of the solid foods get entrapped into the respiratory tract then it can cause blockage of the respiratory pathway. Your baby will find it too difficult to breathe. This is called choking.

So you can ask a question. Why do babies respiratory tract get blocked after swallowing something? You eat something and then it blocks the respiratory pathway? Digestive pathway and respiratory pathways are different, right?

Yeah, you are true. But for understanding this you need to know the complex structure of the respiratory pathway. when you swallow a portion of food through the oral cavity, it propels back to the throat by oropharynx. This food goes downwards and for moving downwards it has two pathway separated by a cover called epiglottis which closes the mouth of the larynx when you eat food and help you to breathe properly later by opening this cover.

Mechanism of swallowing; Image source: physio-pedia.com

If the food gets entrapped into the larynx, it can cause a problem in breathing. As the lumen of the respiratory tract is a narrow, the solid portion of foods can get entrapped into this and can cause difficulty in breathing, talking and coughing. As your child don’t know how to throw this outside from this area, so they are helpless and you need to do something to help them.

What to do when your child is choking?

These following things you can do for helping your choking child:

… Grab your child from the back. Then lay his face downwards and blow his back. A gentle blow in the back can dislodge the entrapped portion of the food from the respiratory tract and leave the area. 5 back blows are enough for helping your child to be back on his normal state.

….Don’t use your finger or hand to move the entrapped particles from the respiratory passages. It can cause another problem.

….Don’t give him water. The water can go to the above portion of the blockage area and make the blockage into a large volume, it will further cause another damage to the choking child.

…Abdominal thrust can be helpful to help this baby. Get your fist clear, then Grab the baby’s abdomen below the ribs and above the navel. Then apply force in an inward and upward direction. This will help in dislodging the entrapped particle.

Giving back blows can be helpful for your child to dislodge the blockage; Image source: chesapeakadservice.net

How to prevent your child to not have this condition?

These following tips you can use to help him prevent this condition:

  1. Teach your child to identify hard food. As your baby is used to have a liquid meal before so when he is new to the solid foods it will be tough for him to get this. So instruct him in a proper way to face this condition.
  2. Tell your child not to eat and talk at the same time. This may create this condition.
  3. Tell him to play after having his meal and avoid any type of playing like running or doing something when he is eating anything.

Help your child to identify solid food; Image source: raisingchildren.com

4) Let him know that this choking condition can happen if he does not follow this instruction.

5) Children having any muscular diseases or having trauma in the brain can have this condition. So an additional measure should be taken when you nurse them.

Choking child is a condition which can lead to infantile death if not proper care is not taken at the right time. So be sure you have done the right thing at the right time and save the child’s life.

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